Circuit : Ron J
This timer is based on a simple Monostable Circuit. The length of time the relay remains energized - the ON period - is controlled by the values of R3 & C2. And
the length of time the relay remains de-energized - the OFF period - is controlled by the values of R4 & C3. With the component values shown - periods of up to
30 minutes are available.
Setting The Timer:
The length of time the relay remains energized is controlled by the values of R3 & C2. And the length of the time the relay remains de-energized is controlled by the values of R4 & C3. Owing to manufacturing tolerances - the precise length of the time periods available depends on the characteristics of the actual components you've used.
You can choose component values that suit your own requirements. You should get about 70 seconds for every 1Meg/100uF. So 4M7 & 100uF will give about 6 minutes. And 4M7 & 1000uF will give about an hour. If your time periods don't need to be too precise - and more-or-less is close enough - you can replace the pots with fixed resistors.
Do not use the "on-board" relay to switch mains voltage. The board's layout does not offer sufficient isolation between the relay contacts and the low-voltage components. If you want to switch mains voltage - mount a suitably rated relay somewhere safe - Away From The Board
The timer is designed for a 12-volt power supply. However - it will work at anything from 5 to 15-volts. All you need do is select a relay to suit your supply voltage. I've used a SPCO/SPDT relay - but you can use a multi-pole relay if you wish.
The Support Material
for this circuit includes a step-by-step guide to the construction of the circuit-board - a parts list - a detailed circuit description - and more.